Canada Geography MCQs

Canadian Tundra MCQs With Answer

The Canadian tundra is characterized by its extreme:
a) Humidity
b) Rainfall
c) Cold temperatures
d) Altitude
Answer: c) Cold temperatures

The majority of the Canadian tundra is located in which territory?
a) Yukon
b) Northwest Territories
c) Nunavut
d) Alberta
Answer: c) Nunavut

The vegetation in the Canadian tundra is mainly composed of:
a) Tall deciduous trees
b) Lush rainforests
c) Grasslands
d) Low-lying shrubs and mosses
Answer: d) Low-lying shrubs and mosses

The treeless area beyond the treeline is known as the:
a) Boreal forest
b) Taiga
c) Tundra
d) Temperate forest
Answer: c) Tundra

Which of the following animals is well-adapted to the harsh conditions of the Canadian tundra?
a) Giraffe
b) Penguin
c) Polar bear
d) Lion
Answer: c) Polar bear

The short growing season in the Canadian tundra is primarily due to:
a) Intense sunlight
b) Frequent rainfall
c) Permafrost
d) High humidity
Answer: c) Permafrost

The Inuit people have traditionally inhabited the Canadian tundra. They are known for their adaptation to the:
a) Desert climate
b) Tropical rainforest
c) Arctic environment
d) Grasslands
Answer: c) Arctic environment

What is the term for the layer of permanently frozen ground in the tundra?
a) Frost line
b) Subsoil
c) Permafrost
d) Bedrock
Answer: c) Permafrost

The Canadian tundra is a critical habitat for which migratory bird species?
a) Flamingo
b) Bald eagle
c) Snowy owl
d) Canada goose
Answer: d) Canada goose

The Northern Lights, or Aurora Borealis, can often be observed in the Canadian tundra due to:
a) Volcanic activity
b) Reflection of sunlight
c) Interaction of solar particles with the atmosphere
d) Desert-like conditions
Answer: c) Interaction of solar particles with the atmosphere

The Hudson Bay Lowlands is an example of a:
a) Mountain range
b) Coastal region
c) Desert
d) Wetland area
Answer: d) Wetland area

The dominant type of vegetation in the Canadian tundra is:
a) Broadleaf trees
b) Cacti
c) Coniferous trees
d) Mosses and lichens
Answer: d) Mosses and lichens

Which of the following is a tundra animal known for its migration across the Arctic?
a) Elk
b) Caribou
c) Grizzly bear
d) Cougar
Answer: b) Caribou

The Arctic Ocean borders the Canadian tundra to the:
a) North
b) South
c) East
d) West
Answer: a) North

The barren ground caribou, a subspecies of caribou, is well-suited to life in the tundra due to its:
a) Webbed feet
b) Heavy fur coat
c) Large ears
d) Long neck
Answer: b) Heavy fur coat

The Canadian tundra is an important habitat for which large bird of prey known for its distinctive white head?
a) Hawk
b) Falcon
c) Bald eagle
d) Vulture
Answer: c) Bald eagle

The melting of the permafrost in the Canadian tundra can lead to the release of:
a) Oxygen
b) Nitrogen
c) Methane gas
d) Carbon dioxide
Answer: c) Methane gas

The presence of small, shallow lakes and ponds in the tundra contributes to the formation of:
a) Deserts
b) Rivers
c) Bogs
d) Coral reefs
Answer: c) Bogs

The tundra’s unique ecosystem is at risk due to factors like:
a) Excessive rainfall
b) Increased sunlight
c) Oil and gas exploration
d) Tropical storms
Answer: c) Oil and gas exploration

The movement of ice and sediment caused by freezing and thawing is known as:
a) Erosion
b) Evaporation
c) Sublimation
d) Photosynthesis
Answer: a) Erosion

The Arctic fox is known for its seasonal change in fur color, which helps it blend into the tundra environment. What is this phenomenon called?
a) Camouflage
b) Molting
c) Thermoregulation
d) Hibernation
Answer: a) Camouflage

The indigenous peoples of the Canadian tundra are collectively known as the:
a) Maasai
b) Sami
c) First Nations
d) Aborigines
Answer: c) First Nations

The thawed upper layer of permafrost in the tundra is called the:
a) Active layer
b) Frozen layer
c) Igneous layer
d) Basalt layer
Answer: a) Active layer

The climate of the Canadian tundra is best described as:
a) Hot and humid
b) Mild and temperate
c) Extremely cold and dry
d) Tropical and rainy
Answer: c) Extremely cold and dry

The northern lights are a natural phenomenon caused by the interaction of solar particles with the Earth’s:
a) Atmosphere
b) Oceans
c) Mantle
d) Crust
Answer: a) Atmosphere

What is the primary source of food for many animals in the tundra ecosystem?
a) Grasses
b) Fruits
c) Seaweed
d) Lichens and mosses
Answer: d) Lichens and mosses

The word “tundra” comes from a Finnish word meaning:
a) Desert
b) Frozen land
c) Swamp
d) Barren land
Answer: d) Barren land

The Canadian Arctic Archipelago is a collection of islands located in which ocean?
a) Atlantic Ocean
b) Indian Ocean
c) Pacific Ocean
d) Arctic Ocean
Answer: d) Arctic Ocean

Which of the following plants is adapted to the tundra’s harsh conditions with its ability to grow in rocky, sandy, and gravelly soils?
a) Cactus
b) Dandelion
c) Tumbleweed
d) Arctic poppy
Answer: d) Arctic poppy

The tundra biome is often described as the “land of the midnight sun” due to its:
a) Abundant wildlife
b) Long daylight hours during summer
c) Frequent thunderstorms
d) Unique rock formations
Answer: b) Long daylight hours during summer

The Canadian tundra plays a significant role in the migration patterns of which marine mammal?
a) Narwhal
b) Bottlenose dolphin
c) Blue whale
d) Hammerhead shark
Answer: a) Narwhal

The low-growing shrubs in the tundra ecosystem are important for reducing:
a) Wind erosion
b) Air pollution
c) Sunlight exposure
d) Water pollution
Answer: a) Wind erosion

The “midnight sun” phenomenon occurs during which season in the tundra?
a) Spring
b) Summer
c) Fall
d) Winter
Answer: b) Summer

The tundra’s harsh conditions and low temperatures limit the growth of trees. What type of tree is commonly found in the tundra environment?
a) Palm tree
b) Redwood tree
c) Pine tree
d) Dwarf willow tree
Answer: d) Dwarf willow tree

Which type of animal is a primary predator in the Canadian tundra and relies on its exceptional hunting skills to survive?
a) Rabbit
b) Lynx
c) Squirrel
d) Bat
Answer: b) Lynx

The thawing permafrost can lead to the formation of waterlogged areas known as:
a) Lakes
b) Caves
c) Wetlands
d) Deserts
Answer: c) Wetlands

The Canadian tundra is part of a larger biome known as the:
a) Desert biome
b) Grassland biome
c) Tundra biome
d) Rainforest biome
Answer: c) Tundra biome

The tundra’s permafrost acts as a carbon storehouse, holding large amounts of:
a) Oxygen
b) Nitrogen
c) Methane
d) Water vapor
Answer: c) Methane

The Canadian tundra is a crucial habitat for the endangered species known as the:
a) Snow leopard
b) Giant panda
c) Amur tiger
d) Whooping crane
Answer: d) Whooping crane

The tundra ecosystem is vulnerable to invasive species due to its:
a) High humidity
b) Isolation from other ecosystems
c) Stable climate
d) Fragile balance
Answer: d) Fragile balance

The Dall sheep is a species of wild sheep that inhabits the rocky mountainous areas of the Canadian tundra. What adaptation helps them navigate these landscapes?
a) Webbed feet
b) Hollow bones
c) Long neck
d) Curved horns
Answer: d) Curved horns

The migratory bird known for its incredible journey between the Canadian tundra and the southern hemisphere is the:
a) Puffin
b) Albatross
c) Swallow
d) Hummingbird
Answer: b) Albatross

The tundra ecosystem is considered a “sink” for which greenhouse gas, helping to regulate the Earth’s climate?
a) Carbon dioxide
b) Nitrous oxide
c) Ozone
d) Hydrogen
Answer: a) Carbon dioxide

The movement of animals between their breeding and wintering grounds is known as:
a) Hibernation
b) Migratory rest
c) Territoriality
d) Migration
Answer: d) Migration

The Canadian tundra is part of the larger circumpolar tundra biome that encircles the:
a) Atlantic Ocean
b) Pacific Ocean
c) Indian Ocean
d) Arctic Ocean
Answer: d) Arctic Ocean

The thawing permafrost in the tundra can result in the creation of unstable landscapes known as:
a) Mudslides
b) Sand dunes
c) Glaciers
d) Plateaus
Answer: a) Mudslides

The tundra’s low temperatures and short growing season limit the diversity of plant species, resulting in:
a) Dense rainforests
b) Monoculture of trees
c) A wide variety of flowers
d) Dominance of mosses and lichens
Answer: d) Dominance of mosses and lichens

The thawing of permafrost can cause structural damage to buildings and infrastructure due to:
a) Wind erosion
b) Flooding
c) Landslides
d) Frost heaving
Answer: d) Frost heaving

The tundra’s unique landscape is shaped by the processes of:
a) Volcanic activity
b) Erosion and freeze-thaw cycles
c) Hurricane formation
d) Coral reef formation
Answer: b) Erosion and freeze-thaw cycles

The Canadian tundra is particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, including:
a) Decreased sea levels
b) Warmer temperatures
c) Reduced rainfall
d) Desertification
Answer: b) Warmer temperatures

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