Australian History MCQs

Australian Labor Movement MCQs with Answer

Who was the first Labor Prime Minister of Australia?

A) Joseph Cook
B) Alfred Deakin
C) Andrew Fisher
D) Billy Hughes
Answer: C) Andrew Fisher
When was the Australian Labor Party (ALP) officially formed?

A) 1891
B) 1901
C) 1910
D) 1920
Answer: A) 1891
Which historical event significantly influenced the rise of the Labor Movement in Australia?

A) The Gold Rush
B) The Industrial Revolution
C) The Eureka Rebellion
D) The Great Depression
Answer: C) The Eureka Rebellion
Who was the founder of the Australian Labor Party (ALP)?

A) Alfred Deakin
B) Andrew Fisher
C) Billy Hughes
D) William Lane
Answer: D) William Lane
What was the Harvester Judgement in 1907 about?

A) A decision on equal pay for women
B) A ruling on minimum wage for workers
C) A verdict on industrial disputes
D) A judgment on trade union rights
Answer: B) A ruling on minimum wage for workers
Which Labor Prime Minister introduced the ‘White Australia Policy?

A) Andrew Fisher
B) Billy Hughes
C) John Curtin
D) Stanley Bruce
Answer: A) Andrew Fisher
The 1951 Australian waterfront dispute involved a conflict between:

A) Unions and employers
B) The government and indigenous groups
C) Farmers and miners
D) The military and political parties
Answer: A) Unions and employers
Which labor reformer is known for advocating for the eight-hour workday?

A) William Lane
B) Ben Chifley
C) Henry Lawson
D) John Curtin
Answer: C) Henry Lawson
The “Wave Hill Walk-off” in 1966 was significant for:

A) Indigenous land rights activism
B) Worker strikes for better wages
C) Women’s suffrage movement
D) Anti-war protests
Answer: A) Indigenous land rights activism
Who was the first female president of the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU)?

A) Julia Gillard
B) Rosie Batty
C) Ged Kearney
D) Jennie George
Answer: D) Jennie George
The “Shearers’ Strike” in 1891 primarily took place in which Australian state?

A) Queensland
B) Victoria
C) New South Wales
D) Western Australia
Answer: C) New South Wales
Which Labor Prime Minister served the longest continuous term in office?

A) Gough Whitlam
B) Bob Hawke
C) Kevin Rudd
D) John Curtin
Answer: D) John Curtin
The “Green Ban” movement in the 1970s was associated with:

A) Environmental conservation
B) Worker safety regulations
C) Anti-war protests
D) Indigenous rights activism
Answer: A) Environmental conservation
Who was the Labor Prime Minister during World War I?

A) Andrew Fisher
B) Joseph Cook
C) Billy Hughes
D) Alfred Deakin
Answer: C) Billy Hughes
The Labor Party’s “Medibank” program laid the foundation for:

A) Public health insurance (Medicare)
B) Affordable housing schemes
C) Pension reforms
D) National education standards
Answer: A) Public health insurance (Medicare)
The “Beaconsfield mine collapse” in 2006 attracted attention due to:

A) Workplace safety issues
B) Labor strikes for better wages
C) Environmental pollution
D) Taxation reforms
Answer: A) Workplace safety issues
Who was the first female secretary of the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU)?

A) Sally McManus
B) Michelle O’Neil
C) Sharan Burrow
D) Jennie George
Answer: C) Sharan Burrow
The “Hawke-Keating economic reforms” aimed at:

A) Implementing protectionist trade policies
B) Deregulating the economy
C) Strengthening union power
D) Expanding social welfare programs
Answer: B) Deregulating the economy
The “Your Rights at Work” campaign in 2007 focused on:

A) Environmental activism
B) Indigenous land rights
C) Workplace relations legislation
D) Anti-discrimination laws
Answer: C) Workplace relations legislation
Which Labor Prime Minister introduced the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS)?

A) Julia Gillard
B) Kevin Rudd
C) Malcolm Fraser
D) Tony Abbott
Answer: A) Julia Gillard
The “1989 pilots’ dispute” was associated with which industry?

A) Aviation
B) Mining
C) Maritime
D) Automotive
Answer: A) Aviation
Which Labor Prime Minister established the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody?

A) Bob Hawke
B) Paul Keating
C) Kevin Rudd
D) Malcolm Fraser
Answer: B) Paul Keating
The “BHP Dispute” in 1949 involved workers from which industry?

A) Mining
B) Steel manufacturing
C) Textiles
D) Construction
Answer: B) Steel manufacturing
The “Fightback!” policy was associated with which political leader?

A) John Howard
B) Paul Keating
C) Bob Hawke
D) Peter Costello
Answer: A) John Howard
Who was the first female Labor Premier in Australia?

A) Carmen Lawrence
B) Joan Kirner
C) Anna Bligh
D) Kristina Keneally
Answer: B) Joan Kirner
The “2021 Australian Unemployment Benefit Increase” was aimed at:

A) Introducing universal basic income
B) Reducing income inequality
C) Providing job security for all citizens
D) Increasing welfare payments
Answer: D) Increasing welfare payments
Who was the Labor Prime Minister during the 1975 constitutional crisis?

A) Gough Whitlam
B) Malcolm Fraser
C) John Kerr
D) Billy McMahon
Answer: A) Gough Whitlam
The “Australian Building and Construction Commission (ABCC)” primarily focused on:

A) Regulating workplace safety
B) Ensuring fair wages for workers
C) Investigating union misconduct
D) Promoting apprenticeships
Answer: C) Investigating union misconduct
Which Labor Prime Minister initiated the “Apology to the Stolen Generations”?

A) Bob Hawke
B) Paul Keating
C) Kevin Rudd
D) Julia Gillard
Answer: C) Kevin Rudd
The “Land Rights Act” in the Northern Territory was passed during the tenure of which Labor Prime Minister?

A) Gough Whitlam
B) Bob Hawke
C) Malcolm Fraser
D) John Howard
Answer: B) Bob Hawke
The “Australian Manufacturing Workers’ Union (AMWU)” primarily represents workers in which sector?

A) Healthcare
B) Education
C) Manufacturing
D) Agriculture
Answer: C) Manufacturing
Who led the Labor Party to victory in the 1996 federal election, becoming the Prime Minister?

A) Paul Keating
B) John Howard
C) Kevin Rudd
D) Bob Hawke
Answer: B) John Howard
The “1956 Melbourne Olympics Boycott” was due to:

A) Racial segregation policies
B) Political tensions with the host country
C) Labor strikes by athletes
D) Environmental concerns
Answer: A) Racial segregation policies
Who was the Labor Prime Minister responsible for establishing the Family Court of Australia?

A) Gough Whitlam
B) John Howard
C) Julia Gillard
D) Malcolm Fraser
Answer: A) Gough Whitlam
The “Wages Accord” in the 1980s was aimed at:

A) Increasing industrial disputes
B) Strengthening union power
C) Controlling inflation and wage growth
D) Implementing minimum wage standards
Answer: C) Controlling inflation and wage growth
Which Labor Prime Minister introduced the Goods and Services Tax (GST)?

A) Paul Keating
B) Kevin Rudd
C) John Howard
D) Bob Hawke
Answer: C) John Howard
The “Conscription Referendums” during World War I were controversial due to:

A) Forced military service overseas
B) Taxation policies
C) Trade union strikes
D) Labor Party leadership disputes
Answer: A) Forced military service overseas
The “Mabo Decision” in 1992 was significant for:

A) Indigenous land rights
B) Workplace safety regulations
C) Refugee immigration policies
D) Electoral reforms
Answer: A) Indigenous land rights
Who among the following Labor leaders was also known for his involvement in cricket?

A) Mark Latham
B) Kim Beazley
C) Bill Shorten
D) Bob Hawke
Answer: D) Bob Hawke
The “Australian Labor Party National Conference” is held how often?

A) Biannually
B) Annually
C) Quarterly
D) Every three years
Answer: D) Every three years

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