Australian Politics MCQs

Australian Foreign Relations MCQs with Answer

Which country is Australia’s largest trading partner?

A) United States
B) China
C) Japan
D) United Kingdom
Answer: B) China
What was the name of the alliance formed between Australia, New Zealand, and the United States during the Cold War?

C) Five Power Defence Arrangements
D) ANZUS Treaty
Answer: D) ANZUS Treaty
Which Australian Prime Minister established the Colombo Plan?

A) Robert Menzies
B) Gough Whitlam
C) Harold Holt
D) John Curtin
Answer: A) Robert Menzies
Which of the following countries is NOT a member of the Quad group along with Australia?

A) India
B) Japan
C) South Korea
D) United States
Answer: C) South Korea
In 1950, Australia became involved in the Korean War under which international agreement?

B) ANZUS Treaty
C) United Nations Security Council Resolution
Answer: C) United Nations Security Council Resolution
What was the name of the 1975 political crisis in which Australia’s Governor-General dismissed the Prime Minister?

A) Canberra Coup
B) Dismissal Crisis
C) Constitutional Conundrum
D) Fraser Affair
Answer: B) Dismissal Crisis
Australia is a member of the Five Eyes intelligence-sharing alliance. Which country is NOT a part of this alliance?

A) Canada
B) United Kingdom
C) New Zealand
D) Germany
Answer: D) Germany
The Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) involves how many countries including Australia?

A) 10
B) 12
C) 15
D) 7
Answer: B) 12
Australia’s 2020 defense strategic update focused on which key aspect?

A) Cybersecurity
B) Maritime capabilities
C) Counter-terrorism
D) Space exploration
Answer: B) Maritime capabilities
Which Australian Prime Minister was known for establishing diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China in 1972?

A) Malcolm Fraser
B) John Howard
C) Gough Whitlam
D) Harold Holt
Answer: C) Gough Whitlam
Australia is a member of which international economic organization focusing on the Asia-Pacific region?

Answer: A) APEC
Which country does Australia share the Timor Sea maritime boundary with?

A) Papua New Guinea
B) East Timor
C) Indonesia
D) Solomon Islands
Answer: B) East Timor
Which global environmental agreement did Australia ratify in 2016, aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions?

A) Kyoto Protocol
B) Paris Agreement
C) Copenhagen Accord
D) Montreal Protocol
Answer: B) Paris Agreement
Australia is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. What was it formerly known as?

A) British Commonwealth
B) League of Nations
C) Imperial Federation
D) Imperial Commonwealth
Answer: A) British Commonwealth
Which major conflict prompted Australia to reconsider its reliance on the UK for defense and security?

A) World War I
B) Falklands War
C) Vietnam War
D) World War II
Answer: D) World War II
Australia’s Foreign Relations Act 2020 allowed the federal government to cancel agreements made by which level of government?

A) State and territory
B) Local councils
C) Federal agencies
D) All of the above
Answer: A) State and territory
Which multilateral trade agreement involving Australia was signed in 2018 and aims to reduce tariffs among member countries?

A) ASEAN Free Trade Area
Answer: B) RCEP
The Australian-United States Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA) came into force in which year?

A) 2000
B) 2004
C) 2010
D) 1999
Answer: B) 2004
Which country is Australia’s largest source of foreign direct investment (FDI)?

A) United States
B) China
C) Japan
D) United Kingdom
Answer: A) United States
The Australia-Indonesia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IA-CEPA) focuses on enhancing trade and investment between the two countries in which sectors?

A) Education and agriculture
B) Mining and manufacturing
C) Tourism and technology
D) Healthcare and finance
Answer: A) Education and agriculture
What is the name of the annual Australia-India bilateral naval exercise aimed at enhancing maritime cooperation?

A) Kakadu
B) Ausindex
C) Malabar
D) Varuna
Answer: C) Malabar
Which Australian city hosts the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) Secretariat?

A) Canberra
B) Sydney
C) Brisbane
D) Port Moresby
Answer: A) Canberra
Which international organization was formed with Australia’s participation to promote economic growth and development in the Asia-Pacific region?

D) World Bank
Answer: B) AIIB
Australia’s ‘Pacific Step-up’ initiative primarily focuses on strengthening relationships with which group of countries?

A) European nations
B) Southeast Asian countries
C) Pacific Island nations
D) African nations
Answer: C) Pacific Island nations
Which of these nations is NOT part of the Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty (ANZUS)?

A) United States
B) New Zealand
C) Canada
D) Australia
Answer: C) Canada
Australia’s closest neighbor, Papua New Guinea, gained independence from which country in 1975?

A) United Kingdom
B) France
C) Germany
D) Australia
Answer: A) United Kingdom
Which international body has Australia been aiming to join since the mid-1990s?

B) G7
C) European Union
Answer: A) ASEAN
What is the primary focus of Australia’s engagement with the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)?

A) Economic development
B) Security cooperation
C) Environmental protection
D) Cultural exchanges
Answer: A) Economic development
Which Asian country is the largest source of international students in Australia?

A) Japan
B) India
C) China
D) South Korea
Answer: C) China
What is the name of the military exercise conducted between Australia and the United States, involving joint training and operations?

A) Exercise Pitch Black
B) Talisman Sabre
C) Southern Katipo
D) Blue Flag
Answer: B) Talisman Sabre
Which nation has territorial disputes with Australia in the Timor Sea over oil and gas reserves?

A) Indonesia
B) East Timor
C) Papua New Guinea
D) Solomon Islands
Answer: B) East Timor
Australia is a member of the United Nations. In which year did Australia become a member of the UN?

A) 1945
B) 1950
C) 1960
D) 1970
Answer: A) 1945
Which international agreement did Australia sign in 2018, aimed at combating illegal fishing and enhancing maritime security in the Pacific region?

A) Trans-Pacific Partnership
B) Blue Pacific continent
C) Niue Treaty Subsidiary Agreement
D) Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency
Answer: C) Niue Treaty Subsidiary Agreement
Which Australian Prime Minister was instrumental in forming the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum in 1989?

A) Malcolm Fraser
B) Gough Whitlam
C) Bob Hawke
D) Paul Keating
Answer: C) Bob Hawke
Which country does Australia have a significant economic and strategic partnership known as the ‘Strategic Partnership’ signed in 2009?

A) India
B) Indonesia
C) Japan
D) South Korea
Answer: A) India
Australia has a defense agreement known as the “Five Power Defence Arrangements” with which country?

A) United States
B) New Zealand
C) United Kingdom
D) Singapore
Answer: D) Singapore
Which country has Australia had a long-standing maritime boundary dispute with, specifically related to the area known as the Coral Sea Islands Territory?

A) Indonesia
B) Papua New Guinea
C) France
D) East Timor
Answer: C) France
Which international organization focused on peacekeeping and international security counts Australia as a significant contributor to its operations?

Answer: D) UN
Which country does Australia maintain the longest-standing intelligence-sharing relationship with?

A) United States
B) United Kingdom
C) Canada
D) New Zealand
Answer: B) United Kingdom
Which bilateral trade agreement, signed in 2015, involves Australia and its largest trading partner?

A) China-Australia Free Trade Agreement (ChAFTA)
B) ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area (AANZFTA)
C) Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA)
D) Australia-New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement (ANZCERTA)
Answer: A) China-Australia Free Trade Agreement (ChAFTA)




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