# American Famous Physicists MCQs with Answer

Who developed the theory of relativity and is known for the equation E=mc^2?

a) Richard Feynman

b) Enrico Fermi

c) Albert Einstein

d) Niels Bohr

**Answer: **c) Albert Einstein

Which physicist is known for his contributions to quantum mechanics and the Schrödinger equation?

a) Werner Heisenberg

b) Max Planck

c) Albert Einstein

d) Richard Feynman

**Answer: **a) Werner Heisenberg

Who formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation?

a) Isaac Newton

b) Albert Einstein

c) Enrico Fermi

d) Niels Bohr

**Answer: **a) Isaac Newton

Which physicist contributed to the development of the atomic bomb during World War II?

a) Richard Feynman

b) J. Robert Oppenheimer

c) Werner Heisenberg

d) Max Planck

**Answer: **b) J. Robert Oppenheimer

Who discovered the photoelectric effect and made foundational contributions to quantum mechanics?

a) Max Planck

b) Richard Feynman

c) Albert Einstein

d) Werner Heisenberg

**Answer: **c) Albert Einstein

Which physicist is known for his work on superfluidity and the quantization of angular momentum?

a) Enrico Fermi

b) Max Planck

c) Richard Feynman

d) Wolfgang Pauli

**Answer: **d) Wolfgang Pauli

Who developed the uncertainty principle and made significant contributions to quantum mechanics?

a) Werner Heisenberg

b) Max Planck

c) Niels Bohr

d) Albert Einstein

**Answer: **a) Werner Heisenberg

Which physicist is known for his theory of superconductivity and the BCS theory?

a) Richard Feynman

b) John Bardeen

c) Max Planck

d) Enrico Fermi

**Answer: **b) John Bardeen

Who was awarded the Nobel Prize for the discovery of the neutron?

a) Richard Feynman

b) Enrico Fermi

c) Albert Einstein

d) Niels Bohr

**Answer: **b) Enrico Fermi

Which physicist is known for his work on the Manhattan Project and the development of the atomic bomb?

a) Richard Feynman

b) J. Robert Oppenheimer

c) Enrico Fermi

d) Max Planck

**Answer: **b) J. Robert Oppenheimer

Who proposed the Bohr model of the atom and made contributions to quantum theory?

a) Isaac Newton

b) Werner Heisenberg

c) Max Planck

d) Niels Bohr

**Answer: **d) Niels Bohr

Which physicist formulated the laws of thermodynamics and introduced the concept of entropy?

a) Albert Einstein

b) Richard Feynman

c) Ludwig Boltzmann

d) Enrico Fermi

**Answer: **c) Ludwig Boltzmann

Who developed the first successful theory of quantum mechanics?

a) Niels Bohr

b) Werner Heisenberg

c) Max Planck

d) Albert Einstein

**Answer: **a) Niels Bohr

Which physicist is known for his work on the theory of superstrings and quantum gravity?

a) Richard Feynman

b) Michio Kaku

c) Enrico Fermi

d) J. Robert Oppenheimer

**Answer: **b) Michio Kaku

Who formulated the laws of electromagnetic induction and developed the telegraph?

a) Albert Einstein

b) Isaac Newton

c) Richard Feynman

d) Michael Faraday

**Answer: **d) Michael Faraday

Which physicist made significant contributions to the theory of general relativity and black holes?

a) Richard Feynman

b) Albert Einstein

c) Niels Bohr

d) Werner Heisenberg

**Answer: **b) Albert Einstein

Who developed the concept of quarks and the theory of strong interaction?

a) Sheldon Cooper

b) Richard Feynman

c) Murray Gell-Mann

d) Enrico Fermi

**Answer: **c) Murray Gell-Mann

Which physicist is known for his contributions to solid-state physics and the transistor?

a) Enrico Fermi

b) Richard Feynman

c) John Bardeen

d) J. Robert Oppenheimer

**Answer: **c) John Bardeen

Who formulated the theory of black-body radiation and introduced the concept of Planck’s constant?

a) Isaac Newton

b) Max Planck

c) Werner Heisenberg

d) Albert Einstein

**Answer: **b) Max Planck

Which physicist is known for his contributions to the theory of superconductivity and tunneling?

a) Richard Feynman

b) John Bardeen

c) Enrico Fermi

d) Max Planck

**Answer: **b) John Bardeen

Who developed the concept of the atom bomb and was instrumental in the Manhattan Project?

a) Enrico Fermi

b) J. Robert Oppenheimer

c) Richard Feynman

d) Albert Einstein

**Answer: **b) J. Robert Oppenheimer

Which physicist is known for his contributions to quantum field theory and the electroweak interaction?

a) Richard Feynman

b) Enrico Fermi

c) Sheldon Cooper

d) Steven Weinberg

**Answer: **d) Steven Weinberg

Who developed the concept of gauge theory and the standard model of particle physics?

a) Richard Feynman

b) Enrico Fermi

c) Murray Gell-Mann

d) Sheldon Cooper

**Answer: **c) Murray Gell-Mann

Which physicist is known for his work on the theory of superfluidity and the lambda point?

a) Max Planck

b) Albert Einstein

c) Richard Feynman

d) Lev Landau

**Answer: **d) Lev Landau

Who developed the theory of superstrings and is known for his work on theoretical physics?

a) Richard Feynman

b) Sheldon Cooper

c) Michio Kaku

d) J. Robert Oppenheimer

**Answer: **c) Michio Kaku

Which physicist is known for his contributions to condensed matter physics and the fractional quantum Hall effect?

a) Albert Einstein

b) Richard Feynman

c) J. Robert Oppenheimer

d) Daniel Tsui

**Answer: **d) Daniel Tsui

Who developed the concept of renormalization and made contributions to quantum electrodynamics?

a) Enrico Fermi

b) Sheldon Cooper

c) Richard Feynman

d) Julian Schwinger

**Answer: **d) Julian Schwinger

Which physicist is known for his work on the development of the cyclotron and transuranium elements?

a) Albert Einstein

b) Enrico Fermi

c) Richard Feynman

d) Glenn Seaborg

**Answer: **d) Glenn Seaborg

Who formulated the Dirac equation and made contributions to quantum mechanics and quantum field theory?

a) Paul Dirac

b) Richard Feynman

c) Werner Heisenberg

d) Enrico Fermi

**Answer: **a) Paul Dirac

Which physicist is known for his work on the development of the electron microscope?

a) Max Planck

b) Albert Einstein

c) Richard Feynman

d) Ernst Ruska

**Answer: **d) Ernst Ruska

Who developed the concept of the laser and made contributions to optical physics?

a) Albert Einstein

b) Richard Feynman

c) Niels Bohr

d) Charles Townes

**Answer: **d) Charles Townes

Which physicist is known for his contributions to the theory of supergravity and string theory?

a) Sheldon Cooper

b) Michio Kaku

c) Albert Einstein

d) Richard Feynman

**Answer: **b) Michio Kaku

Who formulated the Schrödinger equation and made foundational contributions to quantum mechanics?

a) Max Planck

b) Werner Heisenberg

c) Erwin Schrödinger

d) Albert Einstein

**Answer: **c) Erwin Schrödinger

Which physicist is known for his work on the Manhattan Project and his advocacy against nuclear weapons?

a) Richard Feynman

b) Linus Pauling

c) Enrico Fermi

d) Max Planck

**Answer: **b) Linus Pauling

Who developed the concept of the positron and contributed to the development of quantum electrodynamics?

a) Werner Heisenberg

b) Richard Feynman

c) Paul Dirac

d) Enrico Fermi

**Answer: **c) Paul Dirac

Which physicist is known for his work on particle physics and the development of the bubble chamber?

a) Albert Einstein

b) Richard Feynman

c) Donald Glaser

d) Enrico Fermi

**Answer: **c) Donald Glaser

Who formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation?

a) Isaac Newton

b) Albert Einstein

c) Enrico Fermi

d) Niels Bohr

**Answer: **a) Isaac Newton

Which physicist is known for his work on superconductivity and the quantization of angular momentum?

a) Enrico Fermi

b) Max Planck

c) Richard Feynman

d) Wolfgang Pauli

**Answer: **d) Wolfgang Pauli

Who developed the uncertainty principle and made significant contributions to quantum mechanics?

a) Werner Heisenberg

b) Max Planck

c) Niels Bohr

d) Albert Einstein

**Answer: **a) Werner Heisenberg

Which physicist is known for his work on the theory of superconductivity and the BCS theory?

a) Richard Feynman

b) John Bardeen

c) Max Planck

d) Enrico Fermi

**Answer: **b) John Bardeen

Who was awarded the Nobel Prize for the discovery of the neutron?

a) Richard Feynman

b) Enrico Fermi

c) Albert Einstein

d) Niels Bohr

**Answer: **b) Enrico Fermi

Which physicist is known for his work on the Manhattan Project and the development of the atomic bomb?

a) Richard Feynman

b) J. Robert Oppenheimer

c) Enrico Fermi

d) Max Planck

**Answer: **b) J. Robert Oppenheimer

Who proposed the Bohr model of the atom and made contributions to quantum theory?

a) Isaac Newton

b) Werner Heisenberg

c) Max Planck

d) Niels Bohr

**Answer: **d) Niels Bohr

Which physicist made significant contributions to the theory of general relativity and black holes?

a) Richard Feynman

b) Albert Einstein

c) Niels Bohr

d) Werner Heisenberg

**Answer: **b) Albert Einstein

Who developed the concept of quarks and the theory of strong interaction?

a) Sheldon Cooper

b) Richard Feynman

c) Murray Gell-Mann

d) Enrico Fermi

**Answer: **c) Murray Gell-Mann

Which physicist is known for his contributions to solid-state physics and the transistor?

a) Enrico Fermi

b) Richard Feynman

c) John Bardeen

d) J. Robert Oppenheimer

**Answer: **c) John Bardeen

Who formulated the theory of black-body radiation and introduced the concept of Planck’s constant?

a) Isaac Newton

b) Max Planck

c) Werner Heisenberg

d) Albert Einstein

**Answer: **b) Max Planck

Which physicist is known for his work on the development of the electron microscope?

a) Max Planck

b) Albert Einstein

c) Richard Feynman

d) Ernst Ruska

**Answer: **d) Ernst Ruska

Who developed the concept of the laser and made contributions to optical physics?

a) Albert Einstein

b) Richard Feynman

c) Niels Bohr

d) Charles Townes

**Answer: **d) Charles Townes

Which physicist is known for his contributions to the theory of supergravity and string theory?

a) Sheldon Cooper

b) Michio Kaku

c) Albert Einstein

d) Richard Feynman

**Answer: **b) Michio Kaku